Hello, good evening everyone and welcome in this ‘Point Culture’! When you saw the title, you probably had various reactions, From ‘Oh ! We’re finally dealing with culture again ! I was fucking sick of Batman…’ To ‘Classical music? That’s for faggots!’ I’m going to try now to make a video which is understandable and enjoyable by everybody Even though I know I’ll fail and it’s gonna piss me off Because you’re all a pain in the ass, because I hate mankind And because I love you. Wow ! My manic-depressive psychosis just increased suddenly ! Oh by the way… Before we get started, Keep in mind that I make videos on the Internet That I’m by no way an expert and don’t have a lot of knowledge. Compared to the Point Culture, Wikipedia has absolute and undeniable knowledge.
*There comes Mr. Courage!* I’m not looking down on myself or on my work, just reminding you that you’re not dealing with an expert, but with a guy who knows some mere things and who wants to share them while diverting you.
*We all know you’re lame already, shut up!* So in that “Introduction to classical music” I’m going to introduce you to 20 main composers in the history of music. Those who know nothing will learn plenty of things, Those who know a little may learn a little And the ones who don’t give a shit will be able to complain, It is kind of… The video of happiness! Yeah, and the neophytes certainly wonder Why the word “Classical” is between inverted commas in the title of the video. Well it’s because the history of music is composed of movements As you may know and as you can notice on that timeline. Okay, okay, I’ll stop with the Batman references. [Untranslatable pun] So, on this timeline, you can see that music didn’t exist before 1400. That’s obviously bullshit. Music has existed since the beginning of humanity, even if it was less sophisticated at that time. It’s just because elites’ tastes evolved. You may remember that scene in Kaamelott [French series] of which you probably understood nothing : Well it’s because the beauty in music is very subjective according to the period. And during the main part of the Middle Ages People only used fifths, that is to say seven semitone from the main note of the scale Octaves, that is to say 12 semitones and forths, so five semitones. You’re lost ? That’s normal. Let’s take a note…C People from Middle Ages would tolerate the octave so 12 semitones upon C 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 Yeah, that’s another C, that’s normal, that’s an octave : The same note but higher. So people from Middle ages would find that pretty, that too, that too, But for them, that… was the equivalent for us of that… *Poop* So next time you say that something is not music, remember that if Charlemagne had heard The ‘Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat major’ by Beethoven that we are listening right now, he would have said : ‘By my trowth ! That’s a fucking piece of shit !’ So the Renaissance witnesses an evolution in the music But we’re not going to focus on it : it’s during the Baroque period that it gets more serious with the appearing of concerto, the birth of opera, But also the use of organ, of recorder and of harpsichord. If you hear one of those instruments, you’re probably listening to a Baroque piece. Probably… Or it’s just an asshole playing his harpsicords. *Yes, Links is playing* *Yes, he’s the asshole.* The Classical era comes after that, a so important one that today, that most people – including me – use the abusive designation “Classical”. [Rude voice] “C’mon designation ! You went too far !” Even if, clearly, you dare to say that Vivaldi or Bach are Classical composers, You’d better not be next to a fundamentalist who loves the testicles impale on a Kebab skewer… Classical music is marked by the creation of sonata What’s a Sonata ? Sonata is a musical form that I’m not going to develop because a lot of you already left the video or downvoted because I said that I’d speak about composers and so far I’m only speaking about my life. *And that’s not kind from you* But generally, what we must remember from the Classical era is that music tried to come back to simplicity and that it had strict rules. That is why I’m not explaining the rules of the sonata, because it has extremely precise rules. Then Romantism arrives. If you know a little about that movement in literature or painting, you may know that Romantics deal with the expression of their feelings and emotions AND WITH THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ARTIST’S ROLE! WELL, IT’S THE SAME FOR MUSIC! HARPSICHORDS? WHAT’S THAT FAGGOT INSTUMENT? GIVE US A PIANO! AND WE’RE GOING TO TELL STORIES. BUT WITH MUSIC. AND WITHOUT LYRICS. YES, SIR ! AND IT WILL BE CALLED SYMPHONIC POEMS BECAUSE WE’VE GOT SOMETHING TO SAY, YES SIR ! A thirty-one-people-orchestra, sorry Mr Haydn but where did your balls go? MY NAME IS BERLIOZ, AND I WANT AN ORCHESTRA MADE WITH EIGHT HUNDRED TWENTY SEVEN MOTHERFUCKING PLAYERS ! [German accent] And I am Richard Wagner and I present you ‘Der Rrrrrring des Nibelungen’, A cycle of four operas WITH A TOTAL DURATION OF 14 HOURS WITHOUT ANY INTERLUDE, YOU MOTHERFUCKER ! The Modern period follows, When everyone will compose whatever he wants on his own without a real stylistic unity. Influenced by the Industrial period, the invention of cinema and two World wars To finally lead to the Contemporary period, in which everyone decide to beat the shit out of the previous ideas, And the result is…. Uuh…The result is. Well : that was a little introduction which appears necessary to me, Now let’s get to the heart of the matter with 20 composers that you already know… Without knowing them. #20 Antonio Vivaldi Vivaldi is especially the composer of 4 concertos that you know well, ‘The Four Seasons’. And the music we’re listening to now is the intro of the ‘Spring’. Vivaldi was an Italian priest during the Baroque period and he was a redhead. Just in case of someone asking you to name a famous redhead and if the only answer that comes to your mind is “Garfield”, You have to know that Vivaldi was a redhead. He was also the guy who Well… Maybe not invented, but who popularised the soloist concerto. To explain fast, the Baroque concerto is caracterised by a dialogue Between the orchestra, with a lot of instruments, and the soloists. Vivaldi thought : ‘What about an opposition between the orchestra and only one soloist ?’ For example, we’re now going to change of piece And what we’re now listening to is the concerto for two mandolins by Vivaldi. We can hear the whole orchestra, which is having fun, Aaaaaaand…Solo ! ‘C’mon ! Heat up that mandolin, Antonio !’ That’s it. And Vivaldi was the one who popularised that typical form from the Baroque era. So the next time you hear that, Remember that before it became the music of the ad for the Samsung Galaxy S IV, It was the 3rd movement of ‘Summer’, by Vivaldi, The 2nd concerto from ‘The Four Seasons’. #19 Hector Berlioz. Berlioz is a French Romantic stangely almost unknown Although he gave his name to a Disney character, Okay, we don’t care. And although he invented the festivals. Well…In fact, the reception in which several musical representations followed already existed But he called them “Festivals” for their festive aspect. The idea of have some fun while listening to different musical formations in a single place comes from him. Without Berlioz, they would be no Vieilles Charrues, no Eurockéennes, no Hellfest, no Rock En Seine [French music festivals] And yet, you probably never heard the ‘Symphonie Fantastique’ that we’re listening to. Berlioz also brought back into fashion the descriptive music Which consists in using instruments to simulate current life noises like…. like thunder. Once again, he didn’t invent it, but he used it before it came back to fashion and just for that, Sir, bravo. [Pic of Christine Bravo] I don’t support that illustration. That one’s better. #18 Gustav Mahler. Mahler is an Austrian composer who marked the transition between the Romanticism and the Modern era And who’s particulary useful to make puns. You don’t believe me ? Well, what we’re listening to is a SYMPHONIE DE MAHLER [=a hella good symphony] MUAHAHA ! *Seriously?* Well, that’s it. Mahler, as Berlioz, has been accepted very late, for he was an avant-gardist. He is mainly a pioneer of the using of atonality What is atonality ? It is the absence of tonality. What is tonality ? Without being precise, it is a basic musical rule in place from many centuries Which makes that a piece has coherence and that the basic musical ear finds it melodious. ALL your favorite music has a tonality. The common trait between the Concerto No.4 by Beethoven, ‘Love the way you lie’ by Eminem and Rihanna, ‘Enter Sandman’ by Metallica and ‘Creep’ by Radiohead : the same tonality, G major. The common trait between ‘Wrecking ball’ by Miley Cyrus, ‘Money’ by Pink Floyd, Brahms ‘Clarinet quintet’ and ‘Petite Marie’ by Francis Cabrel B minor. Well, at the dawn of the XXth Century, some composers like Schönberg thought ‘What if we establish that we don’t give a shit about tonality ?” In fact, Gustav Mahler was one of the first to question that basic rule of the musical grammar. And the creative people who are watching this video know that the real artist Learns the rules, becomes a master of the rules, and finally breaks the rules. In that order. Because if you are satisfied with only breaking the rules… hem hem [Some piece of shit n°28 in E flat] [Ooooooh birdies…] Ouch!
[Some piece of shit n°28 in E flat] [Ooooooh birdies…] [Some piece of shit n°28 in E flat] [Ooooooh birdies…] Ouch!
[Some piece of shit n°28 in E flat] [Ooooooh birdies…] [Some piece of shit n°28 in E flat] [Ooooooh birdies…] #17 Giuseppe Verdi He is a Romantic, he is Italian and as all the Romantics, HE’S GOT SOME THINGS TO SAY ! Verdi’s thing is opera. So I don’t particularly enjoy opera, Actually, I don’t like opera at all. Acually, I only use Google Chrome Actually, that joke sucks. Actually, I’m gonna hang myself *please yes* Anyway, I have a hard time listening to opera, but some composers make me like that So Verdi does, especially through his ‘Dies Irae’ in his ‘Requiem’ that we’re listening now or some passages from the ‘Traviata It must be due to the fact that Verdi used the orchestra as a single and rich instrument of which he played, and not as a mixing of various instruments. So yes, that’s the funny music in the ad for the 407 Peugeot, but it is particularly the ‘Dies Irae’ from the ‘Requiem’ by Verdi. Yes, I speak a lot about the ads. No, I’m not going to stop. #16 Antonín Dvořák With the music from the ad of Partenaire de l’Echiquier, and guess what, HE’S A ROMANTIC ! Holy sh*t I love that passage The 4th movement from the ‘New World Symphony’ by Dvořák. Oh yeah, fast a little indication on why I am talking about movements : One of the things which generally discourage the non initiated people is the title of the pieces. For example, what we are listening is that : First, the musical formation, that is to say a symphony here (we’ll speak later about the different formations) the key, the catalogue in which the pieces of the composer are, That’s the job of musicologists, composers had other fish to fry, like compose, The opus number, that is to say the number of that piece in the catalogue of Dvořák’s pieces, And finally the name of the piece if the composer gave it a name. The ‘New World Symphony’ is composed by 4 movements, with an approximate duration of ten minutes each The movements’ main characteristic is their speed in Italian, or Tempo. As it happens, the 4th movement is an Allegro con fuoco which means literaly ‘lively with fire’. ‘4th movement, biatch !’ So it will be lively, with quickness. The thing with Dvořák is that he experienced everything : Concertos, symphonies, chamber music, orchestra, non-believer music, sacred music, dances, He’s a Swiss-army knife of Romantic music, although he’s Czech ! That dubious joke enables me to introduce the #15 who’s from Switzerland… Well, OK, he’s Austrian but that’s the same : Swiss, Austrian, they’re like Asians. Anyway ! [Long-ass useless text] Franz Liszt is a reference in the history of the piano And the one who pre-empted the musical Impressionism Impressionism is firstly a pictural movement : painters didn’t want to represent things like they were anymore, But like they perceived them, especially nature or ordinary life scenes. That’s why this piano piece, entitled ‘Grey Clouds’ describes the slow passing of clouds, perceived by a Franz Liszt depressed and getting older. We can hear that piece in ‘Eyes wide shut’ the last Stanley Kubrick’s movie, in a morgue…. Well anyway, it is…. Party hard But Liszt also composed this ! Seriously, who knows what that music is? *I do!* Oh shit what a sudden ageing… So let’s put the scene *Oh ! I hate the Smurfs !* *But I’ll catch you all !* #14 If Liszt was the precursor of the Impressionism, French people can be proud of having Mr Impressionism himself, Claude Debussy What we’re listening to now is the ‘Clair de Lune’, The 3rd movement in the ‘Suite Bergamasque’ You may have heard it in one or two movies, Like ‘Ocean’s Eleven’ by Soderbergh, ‘La Rafle’ by Roselyne Bosch, ‘The Game’ by Fincher ‘Casino Royale’… No, not that ‘Casino Royale’ : the one that we’d rather forget. Yeah, that one And even in 2 opus of the Twilight saga Which seems legit, because Edward was born in 1901, Debussy must reminds him of his childhood. What has been composed, when I was 4 . [‘Dur dur d’être un bébé’, by Jordy] Yeah, but c’mon ! That’s pop music ! What about classical music, when I was 4 ? [‘Sixty-eight’ by John Cage] Huuuuh… Yeah : different times. Anyway ! Debussy’s keyword in music Is Impressionism : the desire to create representations through music It’s very interesting to notice, by the way, that Debussy’s pieces are often linked with poems. For example, ‘Clair De Lune’ is inspired by a Verlaine’s poem. And Debussy’s masterpiece, ‘Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune’, ‘L’après-midi d’un faune’ is also a poem, written by Mallarmé Debussy is the 1st Modern music composer, a music which tries to evoke images. #13 Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy Who’s a German composer And guess what : HE’S A ROMANTIC ! ‘This is the typical wedding music of which the intro Sounds like the music in Rocky !’ Seriously, listen. Listen ! This is the Intro of the ‘Wedding March’ [Wedding March, Mendelssohn] And this is the intro of ‘Rocky’ original soundtrack [Rocky Theme] But both situations are really differents. But Mendelssohn is also well known for other compositions like the beautiful ‘Violin Concerto in E minor’. Acutally, Mendelssohn’s charachteristic is that he was very classical in his way of composing Very forthright, which is unusual for a Romantic But it’s what also made him a genius in music of whom we can say that He was happy, blooming, and reputed during his life and acclaimed by the other composers. Then, he died and has been forgotten until the 1st part of XXth century Because Mendelssohn, for he was a Jew, has been a victim of the raising of the anti-Semitism And his pieces has been forbidden during the 3rd Reich in Germany. [as Cartman, with the Wedding March] ‘Mendelssohn you’re a f*cking jew so I piss you off and I come back to my home !’ #12 We go on with compositions that you already heard in a church With Frédéric Chopin and his well-known ‘Funeral March’ : One ! Two ! Three ! Four ! [‘Funeral March’] But personally, my favorite composition by Chopin is the ‘2nd Nocturne in E-flat major’ Chopin was a great virtuoso in piano : he defined in a clear way the role of each finger. Thumb is the most powerful one, then pinkie, forefinger, Middle finger, and finally the ring-finger. The result of this thesis is a very toned music and a delicate virtuosity. Chopin was an improvisation player : he played at the time, So that when he played several times the same piece, the audience had the impression Of hearing two different compositions, according to the virtuoso’s mood. Chopin was a composer who would play his compositions with pleasure. Personally, the thing that I enjoy the most is his little flight in high-pitched tones. So if one day you walk in a forest and you see a nice tree to make a piano with You have to chop in ! SHITTY JOKE ALERT. Oh, Crap… Plectrum, I’m sorry but you have to divert them before I go further *Fuck you, I’m fed up with your bullshit !* Oh c’mon ! Let’s play Rock-paper-scissors : If I win, you’ll have to divert them, And if I lose, I’ll have to accept that shitty joke ’til my dying day. Alright ? *Well, okay.* Rock-paper-scissors ! [Plectrum loses] #11 Let’s talk about the ultimate ‘Fuck My Life’ in the musical universe With Robert Schumann Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No! It’s Chewman! The most well-known composition by Schumann, at least my favorite one is the Kinderszenen Schumann is at the apogee of the German Romanticism, acclaimed by the other composers, But he suffers from a paralysis of the right hand from the moment he tried to increase the dexterity of the ring-finger on that one with a machine he invented when he was 21. It didn’t impeach him for being one of the best Lieder composers in the Romantic period. Lieder are sung poems, along with a piano or an orchestra It’s a king of German equivalent for the opera. But Schumann’s life is also a love story between him and Clara. Love story condemned by Clara’s father, a Romantic story in every meaning of the word For they’ll send passionate love letters, will have to overcome obstacles which seem insurmountable, And will finally break up after Robert being lock up after a suicide attempt by drowing in the Rhine. In the asylum, he finally burnt Clara’s letters and let himself die from starvation And what we’re listening to are the Geistervariationen It’s the transcription of the music he heard during his madness… #10 [Russian accent] Igor Stravinsky And I offer you to listen to ‘The Rite of Spring’ That music is firmly Modern, as if we were listening to a movie soundtrack. Acutally, Stravinsky is well-known for his ballet music So for example ‘The Rite of Spring’, ‘The Firebird’ that he composed younger and ‘Petrushka’. By the way, you may recognize a part of ‘The Rite of Spring’… Wait…We’re gonna move forward… Here ! That’s it ! Does it sound familiar to you ? Yeah, the dinosaurs in Fantasia. That moment when Walt Disney lied to us, by making us believe that a tyrannosaur fights with a stegosaurus THAT’S IMPOSSIBLE ! THAT’S CHRONOGICALLY IM-PO-SSI-BLE ! WALT DISNEY IS A BITCH ! By the Way, Stavinsky didn’t like the recording of ‘The Rite of Spring’ that we hear in Fantasia The composer had 3 periods : A Russian one, a French one and an American one. His most famous pieces come from his youth years in Russia. And personally, Stravinsky and some ‘Classics’ composers such as Rachmaninoff or Shostakovich Save a little my Russian musical culture because without them, in pop culture, I only know this [Tetris theme] this [I am very glad, because I’m finally returning home] And uuuuuuh…. [Everyday I’m drinking] #9 We began to come closer to our times, so I offer you to come back in Baroque era The very begining of the XVIIIth century, with a German composer Georg Friedrich Händel He also made a lot of experiences, excepted with little boys, well I dunno, that’s written nowhere, And that’s not on my business, even if it would be disgusting, this joke is going too far But Baroque implies harpsichord, and harpsichord and Händel imply… Sarabande Yes, you heard it in ‘Barry Lyndon’ by Kubrick And now we listen to a so timeless music That I listen to it between The Beatles and Metallica with no problem. And you need to be gifted to make harpsichord timeless. But the most tremendous composition by Händel is his ‘Messiah’ It’s an oratorio. What’s an oratorio ? It is lyrical music just as opera but without staging and generally with a religious theme. And if you know Händel’s ‘Messiah’, that’s for the conclusion of the 2nd part : #8 We were talking about Russian composers previously : actually, I know five of them. The three already mentioned and Prokofiev that I hastily knows, And a Romantic one, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky And his most known piece, ‘Swan Lake’. No, that’s not Harry Potter soundtrack ! He’s well-known for giving its letters of nobility to the ballet music. Yes, I continue to imagine that this joke is funny (ballet/balai=broomstick in French) As you may have noticed, the two things which lead me to ‘Classical’ music are ‘Fantasia’ and Kubrick’s movies So in ‘Fantasia’, we can hear the ‘Sugar Plum fairy dance’, from ‘The Nutcracker’ That Tchaikovsky didn’t appreciate. It sometimes happens to dislike some of your creations. But, I’m not going to develop that aspect, It’s difficult to know what an artist or a personality thought about this or that piece So I’m gonna follow Einstein’s advice, who said : “In science as in arts, it’s necessary to cross-reference information before posting nonsense on YouTube… …#LMAO” #7 You understood that we begin to deal with composers that I love and among then, obviously, we can find Romantics And among them, obviously, we find Germans, and among them, strangely, we find Franz Schubert. Why is that strange ? Because Schubert is the most important Lieder composer in History, and for me, Lyrical music is not my cup of tea. Ce n’est pas ma tasse de thé, Das ist nich mein uuuh… Bierschoppen. [=it’s not my glass of beer] Well, it’s hard to believe, but it’s for one piece and only one that I love him And when we know that this dude composed more than 1000, it’s a kind of waste But…. Piano trio No. 2. Piano… … Cello. My ears have orgasm everytime. It’s going to be the opportunity for me to explain you the different musical formations : Keep in your mind that it’s only vague trails, I have neither time nor knowledge to detail *Especially nor knowledge*
F*ck you, Plectrum Overall, we can divide ‘Classical’ music in 2 parts : Vocal music and instrumental music. In vocal music, we can make 2 different categories : the sacred music and the non-believer music. In sacred music, we can find the oratorios, the requiem, the Mass, the passions, in Latin or laguage of the composer. And if you think that religious vocal music s*cks, You’d better listen to ‘Go down Moses’ by Louis Armstrong. It’s in non-believer music that we can find opera, lieder, but also melodies, operetta, madrigal and all that stuff. To divide the instrumental music, we can speak about formations : The chamber music, with 1 to 10 instruments, The chamber orchestra, from 11 to 30 instruments, And the symphonic music for the whole symphonic orchestra. What we’re listening to are a piano, a cello and a violin so a trio, so chamber music. That was for the different formations, now let’s speak about the genres : There is an enormous number of genres which all have their own codes, For example, the concerto is a form of composition in which 1 or 2 soloists discuss with the orchestra in 3 movements, a fast one, a slow one and another fast one. The sonata is a genre of which the meaning changed a lot, but made with 2 to 4 movements And generally for a small amout of instruments : basically 1 to 3. Symphonies have also some movements, but are played by the whole symphonic orchestra, that is to say all the instruments families : the strings, the wind instruments with the woodwind instruments and the brass instruments, And finally the percussion instruments. Anyway between that and all the suites, the fantasies and that kind of stuff, There are a lot of reasons to be discouraged and that’s why I gave up three times the writing of a Point Culture Concerning the ‘Classical’ music and that I olny wrote that introduction, because there is a lot, a lot A LOT of things to say. Anyway ! Why do we move apart with Schubert ? Well, it’s because we’re going to reveal the top 6 of the composers that I wanted to deal with, And basically, I you have to remeber only 6, that’s them. 1 Baroque, 3 Romantics and 2 Classical. 2 Austrians and 4 Germans. A little encouraging music ? LET’S GET READY TO RUMBLE !!! [Funeral March] Chopin, you’re a pain. [retard laughter] #6 Johannes Brahms Do you hear that music box ? Maybe you had it when you were young, like me… Well, it’s Bahms composition, but it was first a duo for piano and voice. Anyway, Brahms is that smoothness, that lightness, and… HUNGARIAN DANCE No.5 ! [Hungarian dance No.5] Brahms is one of the most important Romantic composers. We were in a period when music could follow 2 ways : Perfect the tradition or try new things. *Well… As always* Brahms followed the traditional way. He perfected his master’s techniques
*Dumbass* That we’ll deal with later, which is not useful to develop. So… So we’re going to go on. Well… I’d like to tell you more about him, like he was a virtuoso and that he had 3 periods : Until 1868 he was a Romantic, when he composed the lullaby for example, Then until 1881 when we can hear the Classicism influence For example if you listen to his ‘Violin concerto’, you’l notice the soloist’s virtuosity, Yes, I say ‘virtuosity’, it means that the instrumentalist… is fucking badass. Technically As in the nuance and the dexterity. And finally, there is a period when Brahms broke free and stirs these two influences together. Well… Yeah… In theory. Because I think that it’s still Classical BUT Brahms is one of the greatest ones. #5 Joseph Haydn If Clacissism had a name… It would be Mozart. But Mozart owes a lot to Haydn. Haydn is considered as the father of the symphony There were other symphony composers before him, but he fixed its form. It’s necessary to point out that this dude wrote 107 symphonies. Which permit to follow his evolution. But he’s also the creator of the most used formation in chamber music, The strings quatuor. 2 violins, 1 viola, 1 cello. And also of a writing format adopted by all the Classical composers, A 1st Allegro movement, begining on the 1st theme, then a bridge in the key of the dominant to the 2nd theme, Still the dominant in 3 phases and the cadenza in the dominant or the major relative, Then the development, with modulations of the 2 1st themes and the reexposure With the 1st theme, the bridge, the 2nd theme, and the coda in the tonal. The the 2nd movement follows, Adagio, still in a free form, that is to say 1st theme, 2nd theme and back to the 1st one Then the 3rd movement, trio Allegretto, ternary and in minuet. And finally the 4th movement with a Presto tempo And a Rondo form, so the repeat of a 1st theme Interspersed with other melodies. Wow ! I understood nothing to what I just said ! Anyway, Haydn what the one to…. to… to… To create that. #4 Richard Wagner The uncontested champion of the German Romanticism. And as many Romantics, Puccini, Verdi, Rossini, Spaghetti, Pomme d’api, ‘t’en as trop pris’, ‘c’est normale en Russie’ [French YouTubers references], he wrote operas. But the idea is that they can be giants composers who write the plot in the operas, Wagner wrote the story of opera. That dude wrote 10 operas, and 5 are considered as the most important operas in history.
*11 actually, you fool* ‘Tristan und Isolde’, the famous love story, ‘Der Ring des Nibelungen’, a 14 hours opera about the Nordic legend of a ring with tremendous powers Which inspired a famous literary and cinematic saga, No, not that one… Not that one too… C’mon ! A cursed ring which…
*Oh yeah ! Got it !* Okay, you’re dumb.
*but…* ‘Parsifal’, dealing with how Percival and Gawain found the Grail, ‘Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg’ : For we know that Wagner was a great anti-Semite, that title is a kind of ironic Which is a comedy upon art reflexion Because of course, Wagner was a great comic : ‘Hey dude ! Schopenhauer tells to Nietzsche : C’mon ! that’s not by raising art as the will to power that you’ll contemplate the world as Representation !’ [laughter] LMAO !
*Wow, much fun.* And finally ‘Lohengrin’, who tells the story of… Well, Lohengrin, knight of the Swan and son of Percival. Beyond that, Wagner introduced the Leitmotiv in opera. The leitmotiv is a pattern which characterise a character. For example, this pattern Accompanies Siegfried’s apparitions. This pattern Refers to the evocation of the ring. This pattern, Evokes the Walkyries. And just in case you didn’t know, that’s thanks to Wagner that many years later, John Williams will use the Leitmotiv to make this pattern Evokes us the dark side of the Force. The dawning Dark side… The triumphing dark side, The fighting dark side, The dark side going to the marketplace, The threatening dark side, And the defeated dark side. Anyway, Wagner popularised the musical leitmotiv that we find today in the majority of the movies soundtrack. You’ve understood that we find a lot of mythology in his pieces and above all, a lot A LOT OF majesty. We’re at the climax of Romanticism, in the supreme expression of individuality, So Wagner music must be listened to with volume max ! We arrive to the head trio : the 3 most important names of the ‘Classical’ music. If you were half listening to me until now, I’m now supposed to get all your attention. To get it, I’m going to use a selection of keywords. Kitten, porno, candy crush, boobs, pokemon, unicorn, Sodomy, My little poney, Adolf Hitler, Transformers, Zombie, Batman And for the most reluctants of you, a selection of shocking sentences : Michael Jackson was not as gifted as it is said, The ‘Star Wars’ saga is fully overestimated, ‘The Empire Strikes Back’ is hardly mediocre, And I earn 50 000 € per month thanks to YouTube. Okay ? Do I have your attention ? Good. Come on. #3 Johann Sebastian Bach We’re speaking about XVIIIth century, a period when music became a fully-fledged art. Before the Baroque, the instrumental music was hardly emancipating. People seldom composed for instruments. Bach arrives. Bach is the master of the counterpoint. Counterpoint is when 2 melodic patterns follow a distinct melody. The ‘Fugue’ is a very good example of genre written in counterpoint Because the two patterns flee from one to another, they run away. It will be better with an example : Look at that extract from the ‘Toccata and Fugue in D minor’ by Bach : Here, we can see the semiquavers playing this theme… Here, the same theme but higher-pitched, And the left hand plays quavers, And here, the right hand plays quavers while left hand plays semiquavers. That’s it. Bach was the master of counterpoint, but not only. Here, we listen to the ‘Air on the G String’ You may agree to say that in melody category, that’s amazing, Well, Bach was denied by his commrades
*C’mon, not denied…* He may do things that didn’t interest them, Such as teaching – and not only music – to survive. That dude, who can make the Beatles’ music sounding like The Jonas Brothers’ one, That dude, who composed the ‘Well-Tempered Clavier’, that very dude, Was known only is the Middle Germany when he was alive, and forgotten after his death. People discovered back Bach’s music at the end of the XIXth century Partly because Bach was descended from an impressive musician lineage. In green, there ar emusicians from Bach’s genealogy, In yellow, the ones who are still famous, And in grey, the ones barely unknown or who died young. I let that image for a while, ’cause it took me one day to do it. All of that to say that you don’t know which musician will be famous in 300 years so Stay open-minded. Maybe your great-great-great-grandchildren will never have heard about Tim Burton And will only swear by Godard’s contribution to the cinema ‘uuuh…. a rascal.’ ‘A rascal ?’ ‘A rascal.’ You’re the rascal. Anyway : today, we see in Johann Sebastian Bach the master and the symbol of a period and he is celebrated through many ways Through literature but also through drama, in ‘Que ma joie demeure’, written and performed by Alexandre Astier And soon in cinema with Arnold Schwarzenegger in the leading role #2 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart What shall I say first… When we want to speak about genius, we have to mention Mozart : He’s the greatest Classical composer. And contrary to many others, Mozart didn’t have a speciality in the form. You like symphonic music ? The Symphony No. 40, for example ! Too much instruments. Yeah, you prefer the chamber music : of course ! So you may prefer some Mozart music ! With his ‘Clarinet quintet’ ! Oh no, maybe you prefer opera, mmmh…. So maybe, uuuh… ‘The Magic Flute’ by Mozart ! Weeeeell, no : really, there’re too many instruments, yeah, too many… It sounds better when it’s calm, like just one instrument… Perfect ! Mozart is a piano virtuoso, so maybe the ‘Piano sonata No.16’ ! Well, no : I agree, that’s too light Nothing is better than the f*cking sacred pieces with the choir and all that kind of cr… ‘Requiem’ by Mozart ! What did Mozart not compose ? Well, apart what didn’t exist at his time, hardly anything ! Classical music is very codified, and Mozart led it to perfection. Notice that he began early : you hear this ? It’s Mozart music. Yeah, it sounds a little bit light after what we heard, But Amadeus composed it when he was 6. He died at 35, and let us some of the most beautiful Classical music pieces So what ? Aren’t we only speaking about #2 ? Didn’t I just say that Classical music just reached perfection with him ? Why is he 2nd if his music is perfect ?
*Who are you talking with ?* Let’s talk about it : #1 Ludwig van Beethoven In my head, I see Bach’s music as a square It’s precise, meticulous and mathematic. Mozart arrives, who polishes the angles until the square becomes a circle, the geometric perfection. Beethoven is the one who breaks the circle. Before we go on, you have to know that there is something that I hate : Yes, when you know how calm and serene I am in other programs [such sarcasm], it can be surprising. But what I hate is hearing people speaking about ‘Classical’ music like this : [French translation of the comment] Or [French translation of the comment] Or Mozart is seated next to God. Anyway, I hate when people speaking about ‘Classical’ music overact. I say that, because I’ll have difficulties to weight my words concerning Beethoven. I said that Mozart was the greatest Classical composer, and I maintain it. Because Beethoven, even if he lived during the Classical period, Played with the big boys. My favorite artists are the one who break the rules to get the Beauty, with a capital B. The one who, not content with perfectly representing a current, go further and offer through art their individuality, their vision of the world and their vision of Beauty. Among them, we can find Picasso or Turner in painting, Stanley Kubrick in cinema, Shakespeare in drama and in music, we have Beethoven. Once again he experienced everything in music, His main contribution to music has been his symphonies, Especially the Symphony No.5 The symphony No.3, And his last one, the symphony No.9. Do you want to experiment something, one day ? Take an hour and do nothing, excepting listen to that symphony, Oh which Wagner said that it was ‘the last symphony’.
*Actually, it lasts more than an hour* Well, that’s not right, it has been other symphonies after, Wagner, for he was a genius was also a big d*ck, ‘A rascal.’ ‘You’re the rascal.’ But when we listen to that symphony, we understand why he said that. And if Beethoven’s symphonies are doubtless the most powerful never written, For myself, it’s in his piano compositions that I most get my bearings First in the Appasionata Which success in bursting out the metalhead in me, Yes, Beethoven is the greatest metalhead in history. I never found violence as beautiful as in his piano pieces. Well… That’s Beethoven ! When that guy farts, it sounds like a B flat major chord ! And do you recall when I said that Mozart had composed in every kind of music that existed at his time ? Beethoven did better. Listen to that extract from the 2nd movement of the piano Sonata No.32 : Holy shit, that’s Jazz! Beethoven composed Jazz in 1822! But Beethoven’s music isn’t only violent. The concerto No.5, which is one of my favorite pieces Conveys feelings with a lot of precision, especially in the 2nd movement The Adagio ‘un poco mosso’ Adagio with a little of moss. No, actually slowly but with a little of huste and bustle, The sadness of the 2nd movement contrasts with the positive energy of the 3rd one which blasts off just after that. But in my opinion, my favorite composition is by far His piano Sonata No.14 C Sharp minor Which was renamed after the composer’s death The ‘Moonlight Sonata’ Beethoven couldn’t stand it anymore. Because everybody would tell him about it, and he didn’t think it was so good. It’a a sonata that he composed for one of his students, with whom he was in love. Which is… Really weird when we hear the sombre tone of the 1st movement, Even if I easily imagine a small boat on a calm lake In the moonlight indeed. That’s nostalgic, that’s… I feel like saying ‘Romantic’ But Romanticism only appeared about 80 years later. So… Well… Hum… After that, there’s a second movement Joyful, cheerful, jovial, which makes me smile everytime. And which reminds of Mozart. And then, the 3rd movement, which is… Just listen to this : That movement is so powerful, so badass, That even with an electric guitar, it rocks less than with a piano. That’s powerful, that’s expressive, and that’s… That’s… That’s Romantic, yeah, that’s Romantic ! Even though it was one century before Romanticism ! It’s as if we found Dubstep in Edith Piaf’s music : [‘Je ne regrette rien’ by Edith Piaf with ‘Bangarang’ by Skrillex] Anyway ! That was a very succint of 20 ‘Classic’ composers, There are many others that I left away, Like Richard Stauss with ‘Thus Spoke Zarathustra’, Don’t get him mixed up with Johann Strauss, composer of ‘The Blue Danube’ I would have been glad to speak about Korsakov, with the ‘Flight of the Bumblebee’ Rossini, with his famous opening of ‘William Tell’ of which we all know the end, Of course I would have enjoyed speaking about Edvard Grieg, of who the theme of ‘In the Hall of the Mountain King’ In his piece ‘Peer Gynt’ is one of my favorite compositions, Just as ‘Morning Mood’, another part of Peer Gynt. Yes, Peggle’s music, yes ! And speak about the famous ‘The Sorcerer’s Apprentice’ by Paul Dukas Popularised by ‘Fantasia’, once again. Just as ‘Night on Bald Mountain’ by Modest Mussorgsky. Or speak about… I don’t know… Please let me speak about ‘Classical’ music, I beg you, When this ‘Point Culture’ will be finished, I’ll have to check a subject in the top 50… ‘Boléro’, by Ravel. That’s good. That’s… That’s… That’s… ‘Pachelbel’s Canon’ : that’s good too That’s… That’s… Well : I suppose that this video has to finish in one way or another, So I let Pachelbel’s music, but I give you 10 other names, To keep you being interested by that subject. Nowadays music is very good. Actually, there is mediocrity, but instrumental music is still popular Especially thanks to some original soundtracks, And popular music has some very beautiful treasures There is no shame at all of prefering popular music But give a chance to ‘Classical’ music. See you soon for another ‘Point culture’ : ciao ! Musical credits : Video credits :