NASA 360 – The Future of Human Space Exploration

NASA 360 – The Future of Human Space Exploration


– FOR 30 YEARS, NASA’S SPACE
SHUTTLE PUSHED THE BOUNDARIES OF WHAT WAS CAPABLE IN SPACE. FROM SATELLITE LAUNCH AND REPAIR TO BUILDING THE
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, THE SHUTTLE ENABLED HUMANS
TO LEARN WHAT IT TAKES TO LIVE AND WORK IN SPACE. – NOW THAT THE SPACE SHUTTLE ERA
HAS ENDED, NASA IS BUSY WRITING THE NEXT
CHAPTERS IN HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT. JOIN US AS WE EXPLORE THE FUTURE
OF HUMAN SPACE EXPLORATION. – I’M MOLLY MCKINNEY.
– AND I’M CALEB KINCHLOW. both:
AND THIS IS “NASA 360.” [upbeat electronic music] – TODAY, NASA IS DEVELOPING
TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES THAT WILL MAKE 21ST-CENTURY
SPACEFLIGHT POSSIBLE. – AND IT’S THESE CAPABILITIES
THAT WILL TAKE HUMANS INTO DEEP SPACE AND FARTHER
INTO THE SOLAR SYSTEM THAN WE’VE EVER BEEN BEFORE. – IT WAS A GENERATION AGO
WHEN NEIL ARMSTRONG TOOK ONE GIANT LEAP FORWARD– – AND NOW NASA IS PREPARED TO
TAKE HUMANITY’S NEXT GIANT LEAP. NASA IS LOOKING FORWARD
WITH ANTICIPATION TO A NEW ERA
OF HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT. THIS NEW ERA WILL HAVE
A PROFOUND IMPACT ON YOUR LIFE, WITH COUNTLESS POSSIBILITIES
IN THE COMING YEARS. – AFTER THE APOLLO PROGRAM, WHICH TOOK AMERICANS
TO THE MOON, THE SPACE SHUTTLE PROGRAM
GAVE US 30 YEARS OF OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENT
IN SPACE. THE SHUTTLE ENABLED
THE SPACE PROGRAM TO CONDUCT SPACE RESEARCH,
FLY SCIENCE OBSERVATORIES, LAUNCH SATELLITES, AND ASSEMBLE
THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION. THE STATION–A PARTNERSHIP
AMONG FIVE AGENCIES REPRESENTING 15 NATIONS– HAS BEEN CONTINUOUSLY CREWED
SINCE NOVEMBER 2000, ENABLING ASTRONAUTS
TO GAIN VALUABLE INSIGHT ON HOW TO LIVE AND WORK
IN SPACE 365 DAYS A YEAR. – IN COLLABORATION WITH
ENGINEERS AND SCIENTISTS ON EARTH, ASTRONAUTS HAVE COLLECTED
AND STORED SOLAR ENERGY, RECYCLED WASTEWATER TO MINIMIZE
WATER NEEDS FROM EARTH, CONSERVED WATER USAGE, CREATED THE AIR THEY BREATHE BY SPLITTING WATER MOLECULES
WITH ELECTRICITY, GROWN PLANTS WITHOUT GRAVITY, AND KEPT THEIR BODIES HEALTHY
IN ZERO GRAVITY. RESEARCH ON BOARD THE SPACE
STATION HAS PROVIDED ADVANCES IN BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, PHYSICS, MATERIAL SCIENCES, ROBOTICS,
AND MANY OTHER DISCIPLINES. THE STATION HAS LIFTED US
HIGH ABOVE POLITICAL, CULTURAL, LANGUAGE,
AND NATIONAL BOUNDARIES TO OBSERVE HURRICANES,
TSUNAMIS, FOREST FIRES, AND VOLCANIC ACTION FROM AFAR WHILE CIRCLING THE WORLD
EVERY 90 MINUTES. THROUGH AT LEAST 2024, THE SPACE STATION WILL HAVE
ROTATING SIX-MEMBER CREWS TO ADVANCE RESEARCH AND
TECHNOLOGY IN LOW-EARTH ORBIT, ROUGHLY 220 MILES
ABOVE THE EARTH. – TO REPLACE THE SPACE SHUTTLE, WHICH IS NO LONGER
DELIVERING CARGO AND CREW TO THE SPACE STATION, NASA IS ENTERING
AN EXTRAORDINARY NEW ERA. NASA IS INVESTING FINANCIAL
AND TECHNICAL RESOURCES TO STIMULATE EFFORTS
WITHIN THE PRIVATE SECTOR TO DEVELOP AND DEMONSTRATE SAFE,
RELIABLE, AND COST-EFFECTIVE CARGO AND CREW SPACE
TRANSPORTATION CAPABILITIES. INNOVATIVE SPACECRAFTS
AND LAUNCH VEHICLES ARE CHANGING THE WAY CARGO– AND WILL CHANGE THE WAY CREWS– ARE TRANSPORTED TO THE
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION AND TO LOW-EARTH ORBIT. FURTHER, THIS IS CREATING
A MARKET ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH SPACE
TRANSPORTATION SERVICES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE
TO PRIVATE SECTOR COMPANIES. – HAVING OPENED LOW-EARTH
TRANSPORTATION TO U.S. INDUSTRY, NASA IS FOCUSING ON DEVELOPING
TWO NECESSARY ELEMENTS FOR FUTURE HUMAN
DEEP SPACE EXPLORATION: A CREW VEHICLE CALLED “ORION
MULTI-PURPOSE CREW VEHICLE” AND A HEAVY-LIFT ROCKET KNOWN AS
THE SPACE LAUNCH SYSTEM, OR SLS. THE PROGRAMS FOR THESE VEHICLES
ARE MOVING OUT, INTENSELY FOCUSED
ON MEETING THE GOAL OF FLYING THE NEW ROCKET
AND ORION WITHOUT CREW BY 2017, AND WITH THE FIRST CREW FLIGHT
TO TAKE PLACE IN 2021. USING THE LESSONS LEARNED FROM
OVER 50 YEARS OF SPACEFLIGHT, NASA IS TESTING AND BUILDING AN ADVANCED
SPACE EXPLORATION SYSTEM THAT WILL TAKE OUR ASTRONAUTS TO DEEP SPACE DESTINATIONS
HUMANS HAVE NEVER VISITED AND RETURN THEM SAFELY TO EARTH. – THE ORION WILL BE OUTFITTED
FOR LONG-DURATION MISSIONS THAT REACH FAR BEYOND
LOW-EARTH ORBIT. FOR THIS REASON, THE SPACECRAFT WILL INCORPORATE
INNOVATIONS AND ADVANCEMENTS IN THE CREW ESCAPE SYSTEM,
ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM, ROCKET ENGINES, NAVIGATION
AND FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS, AND COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS. ORION WILL ALSO REQUIRE RADIATION PROTECTION
FOR THE CREW AND SAFE, RELIABLE
LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS. THIS NEW SPACECRAFT WILL BE
LAUNCHED ON THE SLS ROCKET, WHICH WILL SEND
ASTRONAUT EXPLORERS ON MORE CHALLENGING
AND DISTANT MISSIONS. THE ROCKET WILL BE
THE MOST CAPABLE U.S. LAUNCH VEHICLE BUILT
TO DATE AND, WITH THE ORION, WILL ENABLE HUMAN EXPLORATION
INTO THE SOLAR SYSTEM. – TO JOURNEY INTO DEEP SPACE, NASA IS PURSUING AN INTEGRATED
SPACE EXPLORATION STRATEGY THAT SUPPORTS BOTH SCIENCE
AND HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT GOALS AND ADVANCES
SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY. MISSION ANALYSIS AND
INTERNATIONAL DISCUSSIONS SUPPORTING THIS STRATEGY
ARE ONGOING. NASA WILL RAMP UP OUR
CAPABILITIES TO REACH– AND OPERATE AT– A SERIES OF INCREASINGLY
DEMANDING DESTINATIONS, WHILE ADVANCING OUR
TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITIES WITH EACH STEP FORWARD. THIS WILL INCLUDE EARLY TEST
AND DEMONSTRATION FLIGHTS BETWEEN THE EARTH AND MOON, WITH NASA PLANNING
TO REDIRECT A SMALL ASTEROID TO A DISTANT
RETROGRADE LUNAR ORBIT AND SEND HUMANS TO EXPLORE IT, THEN POSSIBLY VISIT
ONE OF MARS’ MOONS OR THE SURFACE
OF THE RED PLANET ITSELF. BY VISITING A CAPTURED ASTEROID
IN LUNAR ORBIT, ASTRONAUTS WILL LEARN HOW
TO DO LONG-TERM SPACE OPERATIONS IN A DEEP-SPACE ENVIRONMENT WHILE MAINTAINING
CLOSE PROXIMITY TO EARTH, AND GAIN VITAL INFORMATION EXPLORING TERRITORY
UNTOUCHED BY HUMANS SINCE THE FORMATION
OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM. – AN ASTEROID MISSION REQUIRES NEW SPACE
TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES AND SYSTEMS THAT ARE CAPABLE
OF OPERATING IN AN ENVIRONMENT WITH ALMOST
NO GRAVITATIONAL FIELD. NASA IS CONCEPTUALIZING HABITAT
AND SPACEWALKING SYSTEMS WITH NEW SPACESUIT DESIGNS
AND ANCHORING TOOLS, AND ROBOTS THAT CAN WORK
SIDE-BY-SIDE WITH THE CREW OR BE REMOTELY CONTROLLED. TRAVELING TO MARS IS OUR
ULTIMATE GOAL. WHY MARS? LIKE EARTH,
MARS HAS AN ATMOSPHERE, WATER, ICE,
AND EVOLVING GEOLOGY. ROBOTIC ROVERS THAT NASA
HAS SENT TO MARS ARE INVESTIGATING
WHETHER THE PLANET HAS EVER BEEN CAPABLE
OF SUPPORTING LIFE. BECAUSE OF ITS
EARTH-LIKE ATTRIBUTES, MARS IS SEEN AS AN EXCELLENT
CANDIDATE FOR HUMAN EXPLORATION AS WE EXPAND
INTO THE SOLAR SYSTEM. – SO NASA HAS ITS SIGHTS
SET ON THE RED PLANET, BUT GETTING THERE
WILL BE NO EASY TASK. – EVEN NOW, WE’RE LOOKING
AT THE SOLVABLE CHALLENGES OF HUMAN MISSIONS TO MARS AND ARE DEVELOPING TECHNOLOGIES
TO PAVE THE WAY. IT COULD TAKE UP TO SIX MONTHS
TO REACH MARS. THEN, BECAUSE OF FLIGHT
TRAJECTORIES, ASTRONAUTS WILL HAVE TO LEAVE
WITHIN 30 DAYS OR REMAIN ON MARS FOR 500 DAYS. ON THE WAY TO MARS, THE CREW WILL HAVE TO COPE
WITH DIFFERENT KINDS OF STRESS IN A HIGH-RISK,
CONFINED ENVIRONMENT WITH LIMITED COMMUNICATION
WITH EARTH. AS NASA TRAVELS
THROUGH THE SOLAR SYSTEM, ASTRONAUTS WILL NEED
TO COMMUNICATE QUICKLY WITH OTHER SPACECRAFT AND EARTH, AND, IN EMERGENCIES,
EVEN HOLD VIDEO CONFERENCES. FOR THIS, NASA IS DEVELOPING
A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM TO OPERATE AT HIGHER
RADIO FREQUENCIES AND AT OPTICAL FREQUENCIES USING
LASER COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. A NEW INTERNET SYSTEM
IS BEING DEVELOPED THAT WILL GIVE EACH PLANET
ITS OWN DOMAIN NAME, FOR EXAMPLE:
WWW.ALPHABASE.MARS. THE NEW SYSTEM
WILL EVEN COMPENSATE FOR THE GREAT TIME DELAY IN COMMUNICATING
BETWEEN BODIES IN SPACE, WHICH IS 29 MINUTES ONE WAY WHEN
MARS IS CLOSEST TO THE EARTH. THE LONG VOYAGE
THROUGH DEEP SPACE IS FILLED WITH MANY DANGERS, INCLUDING PROTONS
FROM SOLAR FLARES, GAMMA RAYS FROM DISTANT
NEWBORN BLACK HOLES, AND GALACTIC COSMIC RAYS
FROM OUTSIDE OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. ASTRONAUTS HAVE NOT EXPERIENCED
COMPLETE EXPOSURE TO DEEP-SPACE COSMIC RAYS
SINCE THE APOLLO MISSIONS, WHICH WERE OF SHORT DURATION. WHEN ASTRONAUTS ARE ON
THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, EARTH INTERCEPTS ABOUT
1/3 OF COSMIC RAYS, AND 1/3 ARE DEFLECTED
BY EARTH’S MAGNETIC FIELD. SO BEFORE SENDING HUMANS
INTO DEEP SPACE, WE NEED TO RESEARCH AND DEVELOP NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND MATERIALS
TO PROTECT ASTRONAUTS. – THERE ARE OTHER HEALTH HAZARDS
TO RESEARCH BEFORE ATTEMPTING LONG VOYAGES,
AS WELL. NASA HAS BEEN
CONTINUALLY INVESTIGATING PROTECTIVE SOLUTIONS
FOR PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES THAT OCCUR IN HEART FUNCTION, BONE MINERAL DENSITY,
MUSCLE MASS, SENSORY MOTOR SKILLS,
AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. ON THE SPACE STATION, WE FOUND THAT AEROBIC AND
RESISTIVE DAILY EXERCISE PROTECTS THE ASTRONAUTS’ BONES,
MUSCLES, AND HEART VERY WELL, SO EXERCISE EQUIPMENT
WILL BE NECESSARY ON LONGER EXPLORATORY MISSIONS. ADDITIONAL CHALLENGES WILL ARISE WITH HAVING
SMALL GROUPS OF PEOPLE IN AN ISOLATED ENVIRONMENT
FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME, WITH PROLONGED INTERACTIONS
BETWEEN HUMANS AND MACHINES, AND WITH MAINTENANCE OF
SUFFICIENT QUANTITIES OF FOOD WITH ADEQUATE NUTRITION. NASA IS WORKING
TO IDENTIFY SOLUTIONS FOR ALL OF THESE CHALLENGES
ON FUTURE MISSIONS. – ONCE ON MARS,
ASTRONAUTS WILL FIND EVIDENCE OF EXTENSIVE WATER EROSION,
CHANNELS, AND FLOOD PLAINS. ASTRONAUTS WILL EXTRACT
SUBSURFACE WATER FOR THEIR USE. THE CREW WILL NEED
SURFACE SYSTEMS TO PRODUCE AIR TO BREATHE,
FUEL FOR VEHICLES, AND EQUIPMENT TO MINE
AND PROCESS RESOURCES. BUT THEN, THESE ASTRONAUTS
WILL HAVE THE DISTINCTION OF BRINGING MARTIAN SAMPLES
BACK TO EARTH, WHICH WILL TRANSFORM
OUR UNDERSTANDING OF MARS. AS ALWAYS,
NEW TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED TO OVERCOME THE CHALLENGES
OF INTERPLANETARY TRAVEL WILL ALSO FIND APPLICATIONS
THAT IMPROVE LIFE ON EARTH. THOUSANDS OF TECHNOLOGICAL
SPINOFFS HAVE BENEFITTED
AMERICAN INDUSTRY AND CITIZENS IN THE DECADES
SINCE NASA’S 1958 INCEPTION, WHILE NASA’S COST
TO THE AMERICAN TAXPAYER IS CURRENTLY LESS
THAN 1/2 OF ONE CENT OF EACH FEDERAL TAX DOLLAR. – SO TODAY NASA
LOOKS FORWARD TO WRITING THE NEXT CHAPTER
OF HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT WITH ITS COMMERCIAL
AND INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS, ADVANCING RESEARCH
AND TECHNOLOGY ON THE INTERNATIONAL
SPACE STATION, OPENING LOW-EARTH ORBIT
TO U.S. INDUSTRY, AND PUSHING THE FRONTIERS
OF DEEP SPACE EVEN FARTHER. AS NASA’S NEXT CHAPTER
IN HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT EVOLVES, THERE ARE NEW
AND INCREASING OPPORTUNITIES FOR EACH CITIZEN
TO EXPERIENCE LOW EARTH ORBIT, TO BECOME INVOLVED IN NEW FACETS
OF AN EXPANDING SPACE ECONOMY, AND TO VIEW NEW VISTAS
IN DEEP SPACE VIRTUALLY THROUGH NASA’S EXPLORATION. – AS SPACE SHUTTLE
ATLANTIS LAUNCHED ON THE LAST MISSION
OF THE SHUTTLE PROGRAM, ASTRONAUT COMMANDER
CHRIS FERGUSON SAID: – PLEASE JOIN US
FOR THE NEXT EXCITING CHAPTER OF NASA’S JOURNEY. IT WILL BE IN OUR LIFETIMES
THAT NASA–AND THE WORLD– WILL SEE HUMANS WALKING
ON THE MYSTERIOUS RED PLANET. – SO THAT MEANS THAT THE FIRST
HUMANS TO STEP FOOT ON MARS ARE ALREADY WALKING EARTH TODAY. – THAT’S SO COOL.
[laughs] – I’M MOLLY MCKINNEY.
– AND I’M CALEB KINCHLOW. AND THIS…
– IS “NASA 360.” [upbeat music]

46 Comments

  • Mats Andren says:

    only wish it was longer! thanks guys and gals!

  • ハゲタカ長老 says:

    What it is??>1:48

  • Megneous says:

    Quit the PR nonsense. NASA should absolutely be funded. They're not funded enough. But NASA's current route is without real direction- the SLS is going to be an impressive vehicle, but it's not the rocket NASA wanted, but the one Congress wanted to push government money into their districts. It's also going to be so expensive that it will fly once every what, four years? Unless you're launching 2 flights a year, it's not even worth funding development.

    1. Increase NASA funding to 1% to 2% of federal spending and KEEP it there. Sign into law that NASA's budget cannot be changed for 10 to 15 years at a time in order to allow for planning of long term missions. You cannot change funding for NASA every 4 years- it destroys NASA's ability to fund long term investments in missions and tech development.

    2. Decouple Congress from NASA. Congress are not aerospace engineers and they have NO idea what they're doing forcing NASA to build rockets a certain way. Let the rocket scientists design the rockets, and let them design rockets and payload that push the boundaries of our current tech. There is no reason for NASA to have to develop rockets for stuff in LEO, for example, when we've been doing that for 40+ years. Which brings us to our last point.

    3. Increase Commercial Crew and Commercial Resupply Funding. Private space can do the well understood work, such as launching to LEO, faster and cheaper than government bodies can, leaving NASA to focus on the future. However, it's necessary to break up the ULA monopoly, which SpaceX, Orbital Sciences, and others are working on, but we still need more competition and lower prices. I'd like to see two more LEO capable private companies up and running within 10 years to secure humanity's cheap access to LEO and soon beyond.

    The fact that NASA continues to play political games when the correct path to put us back into space is staring right at us is disheartening. NASA is one of the organizations that makes the human species worthy of our place in the galaxy, and they need to act like it. Don't let Congress ruin NASA.

  • Bass.Boi says:

    omg that music !!!

  • CONSPIR4CY says:

    NASA can't do shit they're funded 1% of the federal reserve bank the military is getting 25% Our species will never travel far in space with the world we're living in. To much greed for petrol dollars. By that i mean war's. 

  • Rutger Gemert says:

    Alien on 1:49

  • Xae says:

    what we need to focus on is interstellar ships and quit the chemical fuel hell we could have done it  altleast by 2030 im dissapointed if we dont

  • HeyItsDiamondSharks says:

    Has anyone heard the project MARS ONE there sending people to Mars in 2023-2025 search it up

  • EMERSON OVERTON says:

    Amazing. Emerson Overton (plugged-in)

  • Stop And Think says:

    hmmmm, where is NASA planning on moving cape Canaveral to?

  • Feisal says:

    Each planet having their own internet domain blew my mind. 

  • Johan Ahremark says:

    I think they need to building a spacecruiser in space or remake the spacestation into one.

  • Martina Best says:

    Good video.  Just find the music really irritating and makes it difficult to hear the narrators as it drowns them out.  The music does not add one positive thing to the video. Keep the music for the beginning and/or end, leave it out when people are speaking so that those of us with slight hearing issues can actually hear what is being said.

  • MRNES says:

    I really loved your video Mrnes 🙂 dope

  • Juliana Brown says:

    NASA is funded plenty. It's not the government holding money. It's NASA using the money to support a small economy of workers. Endlessly doing basically nothing.

    The technology to Mars exists already. You can't do the trip in less than 6 months or the planet won't be there when you get there. So developing faster propulsion won't do any good, unless you're doing so on a hugely advanced scale to where the orbit of the planets isn't a factor anymore. Like if say… we figure out how make warp drive real.

    They can't get their act together for a Mars mission, because they're too busy trying to please every company, by using everyone's inventions and making the payload prohibitively heavy.

    A mission to mars moons before Mars is pointless and stupid.

    We went to the moon and used to do great things like that, cause we wanted to embarrass the russians and help post war america raise morale. Now, we have no political motivation and a distinct lack of interest from the bulk of society. Now, everyone in the US is relatively content with playing with electronic gadgets and fighthing uninformed political battles on facebook.

    Indie companies will reach Mars long before NASA does, unless they completely change their employment infrastructure, and get rid of the useless space UN up there. Why don't the countries all work together on… going somewhere? Stop dumping money into the ISS.

  • The Pepster says:

    Why would it take 29 minutes to send information to and from Mars? I thought the speed of light allows photons to travel from the sun to the earth in only 8 minutes; and Mars is much closer to us than the sun.

  • T.J. vdK says:

    Imagine if there were no butthurt people and the world would act like 1 single country. We would modernize and explore the galaxy at almost the speed of light.

  • Khristian4444StudioEntertainment says:

    I knew NASA is doing space real space travel, that put my nightmares to bed too.

  • Nicholas Richman says:

    This is what we should be spending on not the military!

  • Carl Lelandt says:

    I'm a space industry advocate. Space needs to become seriously profitable. With profitability comes private sector industry operations in space. We need to start mining near Earth objects/asteroids, etc. And maybe some mining and other projects on the Moon too. After a few multi-trillion dollar asteroid windfalls, private sector space mining operations will be able to plunk down the several hundred billion dollar price tag for proper high-end rotating wheel space stations. When wheel stations start showing up in space, then we'll seriously start going places and getting things done, in space and otherwise.. Long term work crews will NEED wheel stations. But we need serious space profitability, for wheel stations to happen. And as far as I'm concerned, wheels are the only responsible way to tackle serious long term space projects. We need the gravity effect wheel stations provide for human health. Trying to cut corners by reduced "station" costs of zero gravity stations is putting money (saving) ahead of responsibility for people's health. With asteroid mining windfall, wheel station costs will be both responsible and do-able.

  • Francisco Alves says:

    I keep saying it because it's true. It's indispensable that we find a way to make artificial gravity. It will help future projects so much in so many ways. Does anybody here have any update on that?

  • Mastercrap 42123 says:

    Thank you NASA for working hard on the future of humans in space. Really apreciate it.

  • Katelynn O'Reilly says:

    thank you

  • somesayimsiyam says:

    Since Im here let me make joke

    Read more

  • Sara3346 says:

    It's 2017 now, how are things going?

  • Nik Asyraf says:

    we need to find a way how to exploit mars next time.

  • Spacenerd1 says:

    We need to go there it's not an option we have to go to mars

  • SaiyanLegend™ says:

    NASA can't advance quickly enough with 1% of the United States' federal budget. If they truly wish to expand into the Solar system, they would need somewhere between 10 and 15 percent of the US' GDP. That would ensure that Mars and several Jovian moons are visited prior to 2075. But nooo, the military is more important. Is it, really? International tensions are at an all-time low. No, America, Russia isn't trying to re-establish the Soviet Union. The only real military threats currently on Earth are North Korea and the various terrorist groups.

    Ideally, space colonization should be done under the auspices of the United Nations. But nonsensical international rivalries and conflicting national interests will never allow for a coordinated unified colonization of our system. Hell, some nations cannot even maintain their intranational integrity when it comes to dealing with more serious aspects of our society. Given that, how could one hope to ever see humanity united behind the UN's flag?

  • Oddsfish! says:

    The real future of human spaceflight is once the Americans quit pretending they are ever going to have their own manned program, and once the Russians officially get tired of dumping money into having no objective in manned spaceflight, the Chinese will launch a crew every few years at longer and longer intervals till they, too, finally say "Meh…" and hang it up. No nation has the political or public will to fund programs of this kind any more. There might be a little suborbital tourism in the private sector for a little while.

  • 2kgod0034 says:

    why i am i watching this just to do my work lame i don't even know what i am doing with my life

  • Hamza Raslan says:

    I really want to explore the solar system but I’m a kid and I live in U.A.E =(

  • Hamza Raslan says:

    And I want to explore the moon and mars and go a little near the sun to studie it

  • Hamza Raslan says:

    And I want to orbit the earth but I can only do that on the future cuz I’m a kid =(

  • Eu, a Rainha e 3 princesas. says:

    🙂

  • Jacob Disotell says:

    awesome, now I know what nasa can do. like if you agree.
    and if you are still reading this looooooooooooooooooooooong message, give me a like for wasting your time

  • Proteus TG says:

    It was two generations ago.

  • hornet pilot says:

    Anybody that doesnt think pursuing space exploration is worth it, Is painfully misguided, this planet is not going to last forever, we need to expand and plus the key to our origins is out there somewhere, and we won't find it here on earth squabbling over stupid things like politics or religion or whatever it is.

  • ZombPlayyz says:

    2019?!

  • iceman says:

    It’s all a scam. The biggest lie of all time. We can’t go to space.

  • Bee Smitty says:

    On the serious side… Why do we want Mars to explore NASA? Space is filled with great, & lovely planets why MARS? We should have better space travel technology, we lag as a level 1 civilization (if that)

  • James Woods says:

    bruh

  • Enock Nturubika says:

    4:46

  • Enock Nturubika says:

    5:49

  • Enock Nturubika says:

    6:08

  • Enock Nturubika says:

    6:45

  • Enock Nturubika says:

    7:43

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